The Jonesipedia

Richard Cole Sr.Age: 85 years17291814

Name
Richard Cole Sr.
Given names
Richard
Surname
Cole
Name suffix
Sr.
Also known as
A Patriot
Also known as
Listed At DAR with Reservations
Birth April 23, 1729
MarriageAnn HubbardView this family
about 1762 (Age 32 years)

Kentucky County, Virginia Formed December 31, 1776 (Age 47 years)

Note: Kentucky County (then alternately spelled Kentucke County) was formed by the Commonwealth of Virginia by dividing Fincastle County, VA. into three new counties: Kentucky, Washington, and Montgomery, effective December 31, 1776. During the three and one-half years of Kentucky County's existence, its seat of government was Harrodstown (then also known as Oldtown, later renamed Harrodsburg).
Articles of Confederation November 17, 1777 (Age 48 years)

Note: The Continental Congress submitted the Articles of Confederation to the states for ratification. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Articles_of_Confederation
Kentucky County, Virginia Abolished June 30, 1780 (Age 51 years)

Note: Kentucky County was abolished on June 30, 1780, when it was divided into Fayette, Jefferson, and Lincoln counties of Virginia.[1] These later petitioned together to separate from Virginia, which was approved by the Virginia House of Delegates.
Military
RevWar - Pennsylvania 5th/6th Regiment
February 4, 1785 (Age 55 years)



Census 1788 (Age 58 years)
Census 1789 (Age 59 years)
Kentucky Becomes 15th State June 25, 1792 (Age 63 years)

Note:
Lincoln County, Kentucky Formed June 25, 1792 (Age 63 years)

Note: Lincoln was one of the original three counties formed out of Virginia's Kentucky County. (The other two were Fayette and Jefferson counties.) These three were separated from Virginia to create the Commonwealth of Kentucky in 1792.
George Washington Relected December 5, 1792 (Age 63 years)

Note: Geo. Washington relected to his second term as president.
Death of a wifeAnn Hubbard
February 11, 1795 (Age 65 years)
Address: Wife of Richard Cole Sr. owner of the infamous Cole's Bad Inn & Tavern. Great Great Grandrandmother of Frank & Jesse James. Parents of Sallie Cole wife of Benjamin Graves of Woodford County Kentucky
Burial of a wifeAnn Hubbard
February 11, 1795 (Age 65 years)
Address: Cole Family Cemetery Midway Woodford County Kentucky, USA
Knox County, Kentucky Formed December 19, 1799 (Age 70 years)

Note: Knox County was officially formed on December 19, 1799. Losing counties were Lincoln County.
Rockcastle County, Kentucky Formed January 8, 1810 (Age 80 years)

Note: Rockcastle County was officially formed on January 8, 1810. Losing counties were Lincoln, Pulaski, Madison and Knox counties.
New Madrid Earthquake December 16, 1811 (Age 82 years)

Note: New Madrid Earthquake reverses course of Mississippi River.(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Madrid_earthquake)
Death November 21, 1814 (Age 85 years)
Burial November 21, 1814 (on the date of death)
Address: Cole Family Cemetery Midway Woodford County Kentucky, USA Plot: Hilltop the Old Cole Farm, Intersection of 421 and Fishers Mill Road
Last change April 11, 201815:49:43

by: Admin
Note
Richard Cole Sr. was born 23 April 1729 in Pennsylvania. He married Ann Hubbard, Born 1730. Richard Cole Sr. was a Revolutionary Soldier and early settler of Woodford County. He was also a Constable in the days when Woodford was still a part of Fayette County Kentucky. He started the infamous Cole Tavern also known as Cole's Bad Inn at his farm on the Leestown Pike and Elkhorn Creek. The early settlement was known as "little Sodom", Woodford Village and later Fishers Mill. The settlement got its dubious reputation from the roughens that hung out at the tavern and at Woodford Shipping Port. They piloted the flat boats on the Kentucky River making the trip between Woodford and New Orleans. The tavern burned in the winter of 1811. Ann Hubbard Cole died in February 1795. After the death of his wife Richard married Emsey Margaret James. Richard Sr. died 21 November 1814. Richard, Ann and many of the family are buried in the Cole Family Cemetery on the hilltop next to where the tavern once stood. A 1922 census of the cemetery showed the following headstones: Ann Cole wife of R. Cole died Feb. 11, 1795 age 65 years. Richard Cole Sr. died Nov 21, 1814, Susan Palmer born 1778 died 1823, William Y. Cole Born Sept 16, 1788 Died June 19, 1823, Amos Cole Born Feb. 1798, Died May 12, 1827, James Cole Born Sept. 8, 1804, Died Feb. 27, 1827. Jesse Cole Born May 21, 1793, Died Aug. 3, 1833, Julia Austin, wife of James M. Austin, Died July 11, 1835, age 18, Mrs. Sally Cole Born Oct 1, 1765, Died Nov 8, 1836, Richard Cole Born April 23, 1763, Died July 9, 1839, Greenberry Moore Born Oct 31, 1815, Died Mar. 21, 1852, Jesse R., daughter of G & S.F. Moore Born Aug. 25, 1851, Died May 9, 1852. Today there are only two lone headstones that remain, those of my fourth great grandparents Richard Cole Sr. and his wife Ann Hubbard Cole. Her headstone has stood there on the hilltop since 1795. I recently replaced Richard Cole Sr.'s headstone and put it next to his wife, a place it had always been, before it was stolen. I guess being the Great-Great Grandfather of Frank and Jesse James was more than one souvenir hunter could stand. For more info visit www.tsgraves.com/ and go to the Cole's Bad Inn Section. Be sure and read the account in "The Frankfort Argus" a real historic newspaper account of the death of his grandson Amos Cole in a brawl in 1827 at his fathers place the famous Black Horse Tavern.
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BurialRichard Cole Sr. - Headstone at Cole Family Cemetery, Woodford Cty., Ky.Richard Cole Sr. - Headstone at Cole Family Cemetery, Woodford Cty., Ky.
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Richard Cole - Rev War Pennsylvania 6th Regiment

{{ref improve|date=February 2013}}
{{Infobox military unit
|unit_name=6th Pennsylvania Regiment
|image=
|caption=
|country=
|allegiance={{flagicon|USA|1777}} [[Continental Congress]]
|type=[[Infantry]]
|branch=
|dates= 1775–1783
|specialization=
|command_structure=[[Pennsylvania Line]]
|size=
|current_commander=
|garrison=
|ceremonial_chief=
|nickname=
|motto=
|colors=
|march=
|mascot=
|battles=[[Battle of Fort Washington]] (1776)<br>[[Battle of Brandywine]] (1777)<br>[[Battle of Germantown]] (1777)<br>[[Battle of Monmouth]] (1778)<br>[[Sullivan Expedition]] (1779)<br>[[Battle of Green Spring]] (1781)
|notable_commanders=Colonel [[Robert Magaw]]<br>Lieutenant Colonel [[Josiah Harmar]]<br>Colonel [[Richard Humpton]]
|anniversaries=
}}
{{Campaignbox American Revolutionary War: Philadelphia}}
{{Campaignbox American Revolutionary War: Northern 1777}}
{{US Revolutionary units}}
The '''6th Pennsylvania Regiment''', first known as the '''5th Pennsylvania Battalion''', was a [[Military unit|unit]] of the United States of America (U.S.) Army, raised December 9, 1775 at [[Philadelphia, Pennsylvania]] for service with the [[Continental Army]]. The regiment would see action during the [[New York Campaign]], [[Battle of Brandywine]], [[Battle of Germantown]], [[Battle of Monmouth]], and [[Battle of Green Spring|Green Spring]]. The regiment was disbanded on January 1, 1783.

== Establishment ==
The regiment was authorized in December 1775 as the 5th Pennsylvania Battalion. The regiment participated in the unsuccessful defense of New York City and was captured in part at [[Battle of Fort Washington|Fort Washington]] on November 16, 1776 along with its commander, Colonel [[Robert Magaw]]. On January 1, 1777, the survivors of the 5th Battalion, along with exchanged prisoners and new recruits, were reorganized into the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment. Most of the regiment's men were recruited from Berks and Chester counties, although many came from Philadelphia and as far away as [[Northumberland County, Pennsylvania|Northumberland County]].

During 1777, the regiment participated in the [[Philadelphia Campaign]] and fought at the [[Battle of Brandywine|Battles of Brandywine]] (September 11) and [[Battle of Germantown|Germantown]] (October 4). At Brandywine, the women of the 6th Pennsylvania were cited for their bravery under fire while bringing water to the men. The regiment spent the winter of 1777-78 at Valley Forge and took part in the [[Battle of Monmouth]] (June 28) the following summer.

In 1779, the light infantry company of the 6th Pennsylvania was part of the Corps of Light Infantry commanded by "Mad" [[Anthony Wayne]] that stormed the British fortifications at [[Battle of Stony Point|Stony Point]], NY (July 16). The regiment spent the rest of the year in garrison at West Point and probably wintered at Morristown. The next year, the regiment took part in a number of small engagements in New Jersey and again wintered at Morristown. On New Year's Day, 1781, members of the 6th Pennsylvania joined the mutiny of the Pennsylvania regiments then quartered at Morristown. After a settlement was reached, the regiment was furloughed at Trenton on January 17. Soldiers remaining in the regiment were reassigned to other units and eventually sent south to take part in the Yorktown Campaign. The regiment was officially disbanded in January, 1783, although in reality, no regiment had existed since 1781.

However, historian Mark Boatner asserts that on 26 May 1781 Wayne went south with 1,000 men and six guns of the [[2nd Pennsylvania Regiment|2nd]], [[5th Pennsylvania Regiment|5th]], and 6th Pennsylvania and the [[4th Continental Artillery Regiment]]. They joined [[Gilbert Motier, marquis de La Fayette]] in Virginia on 10 June.<ref>Boatner, 1177</ref> Colonel [[Richard Humpton]] led his troops at the [[Battle of Green Spring]] on 6 July, though on this occasion, Boatner refers to the unit as a battalion.<ref>Boatner, 451-452</ref>

== Brief History of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment ==
November 16, 1776 - Formerly known as the 5th Pennsylvania Battalion the entire unit was captured at Fort Washington, New York. The enlisted men were held by the British until December 26, 1776 when they were set free on parole.

January to June 1777 - During this period the unit was reorganized as the 6th Regiment with Colonel Henry Bicker as its commander. Many of the men who served in 1776 reenlisted and to these were added new recruits to fill out the regiment. In June the men refused to report at camp for duty as they thought they were still on parole and had not been properly exchanged. These concerns were overcome and the regiment joined the army later in the month.

June 26, 1777 - As part of Lord Stirling's Division the regiment probably joined the army in time to participate in the battle of Short Hills.

July to August 1777 - With the rest of Washington's army the 6th Regiment marched back and forth across New Jersey and into New York and Pennsylvania while trying to ascertain the destination of General Howe's army, which had embarked on the British fleet. During this time the brigade under General [[Thomas Conway]], to which the 6th Regiment belonged, was reputed to be "the best instructed and disciplined" in the army. This was in spite of the fact that he "is detested by the officers of his brigade... because he makes his brigade work and personally drills and instructs it, instead of leaving it idle in camp.

September 11, 1777 - Stirling's Division takes part in the action on the right of Washington's army during the Battle of Brandywine. During the afternoon the forces under General John Sullivan fought with the enemy for almost two hours near Birmingham Meeting House. In this contest "Lord Sterling's Division & particularly Conway's Brigade" were seen to have "remarkably distinguished themselves." It was during this action that the "wives of several of the soldiers belonging to the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment.. took the empty canteens of their husbands and friends and returned them filled with water...during the hottest part of the engagement, although frequently cautioned as to the danger of coming into the line of fire."

October 4, 1777 - Brigadier General Thomas Conway's 3rd Pennsylvania Brigade, consisting of the [[3rd Pennsylvania Regiment|3rd]], 6th, [[9th Pennsylvania Regiment|9th]], and [[12th Pennsylvania Regiment]]s, was chosen to lead the main column of Washington's army in the attack on the British at the [[Battle of Germantown]]. Leading the assault column, Captain Jacob Bower's company of the 6th Pennsylvania attacked the British pickets at [[Mount Airy, Philadelphia|Mount Airy]].<ref>McGuire, 65</ref> Conway's Brigade continued to attack and eventually drove "the enemy a mile and a half below Chew's house" before being forced to retire. At least one company of the regiment joined in the assaults on the [[Cliveden (Benjamin Chew House)|Chew House]] and lost a number of men.

December 19, 1777 - After an encampment of almost six weeks at Whitemarsh, Pennsylvania the army moved into its winter quarters at Valley Forge where they would remain for the next six months. It was here that they received a new commander, Lieutenant Colonel [[Josiah Harmar]], on January 1, 1778. Harmar would remain in this position until 1780. After the war he became the Commander of the First American Regiment, for a time they only infantry unit in the fledgling army of the independent United States.

==Notes==
{{reflist|2}}

==Sources==
*{{cite book|ref=harv |last=Boatner |first=Mark M. III |year=1994 |title=Encyclopedia of the American Revolution |location=Mechanicsburg, Pa. |publisher=Stackpole Books |isbn= 0-8117-0578-1}}
* The 5th Pennsylvania Battalion of 1776, John Rees
* An Outline of the Origins and History of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment. Conway's Brigade of Lord Stirling's Division, John Rees (unfinished)
* Lafayette in the Age of the American Revolution. Selected Letters and Papers. 1776-1790 - Volume 1. December 7, 1776 - March 30, 1778, Stanley J. Izerda, Editor, Pages 79 and 81
* Letters and Papers of Major-General John Sullivan Continental Army, Hammond, Otis &, Editor, Concord, 1939) Volume 3, 1779-1795, Page 474 (Brandywine), 543-546 (Germantown).
*{{cite book|ref=harv |last=McGuire |first=Thomas J. |year=2006 |title=The Philadelphia Campaign, Volume I |location=Mechanicsburg, Penn. |publisher=Stackpole Books |isbn=0-8117-0178-6}}
*{{cite book|ref=harv |last=McGuire |first=Thomas J. |year=2007 |title=The Philadelphia Campaign, Volume II |location=Mechanicsburg, Penn. |publisher=Stackpole Books |isbn=0-8117-0206-5}}
* "Revolutionary Services of Captain John Markland", Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Volume 9, Page 105-106 (Brandywine), 107-108 (Germantown).
* The War of the Revolution, Christopher Ward
* Order Book of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment January 1, 1778 to August 10, 1779, Josiah Harmar papers, William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan
* March to Massacre - A History of the First Seven Years of the United States Army, William H. Guthman

==External links==
* [http://www.6thpa.org/history.html History of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment]
*[https://web.archive.org/web/20100608052649/http://www.history.army.mil/reference/revbib/pa.htm Bibliography of the Continental Army in Pennsylvania] compiled by the [[United States Army Center of Military History]]

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{{DEFAULTSORT:6th Pennsylvania Regiment}}
[[Category:Pennsylvania regiments of the Continental Army]]
[[Category:Military units and formations established in 1775]]
[[Category:Military units and formations disestablished in 1783]]